Eating disorders can be classified as mental problems. They come around from either obsession with food or body shape. They are established when you exhibit disturbed or abnormal eating habits.
There are a variety of symptoms that you will exhibit to know whether you have any of the documented eating disorders.
Eating disorders can affect people of any age, race or gender but they are reported more among the youth and young women.
There are 5 of the most common eating disorders that are discussed below.
1. Anorexia Nervosa
If you exhibit weight loss or lack of proper body weight compared to your age, gender or height.
You can know whether you have this condition if you tend to restrict your diet in terms of calories or the type of food you eat.
Are you are exhibiting dramatic weight loss but at the same time maintain a rigid exercise program? Are you preoccupied with food, weight loss, and dieting?
If you exhibit these signs, it is a common food disorder. Don’t worry, with the right guidance and counselling, you will overcome.
2. Pica (Craving for Non-Food Things)
Do you crave for a thing that cannot be classified as food? These include ice, dirt, chalk, paper, pebbles, cloth, etc.
Pica is a condition when you crave to eat non-food substances. If it is a part of your culture or is considered socially acceptable, then it is not pica.
If you exhibit these symptoms, you are at risk of poisoning. You may also get injured and suffer from severe nutritional deficiencies.
3. Rumination Disorder
This is quite new among common eating disorders. If you are familiar with ruminants, you are close to finding out.
In this condition, you will find yourself regurgitating the food you ate before. This condition can develop in any stage of life.
If not resolved, rumination disorder leads to severe weight loss because digestion is often interfered with.
4. Avoidant or Restrictive Food Intake Disorder
It can be referred to as ARFID. This disorder develops in infancy or early childhood. It can be found in both genders at any stage of life.
As the name suggests, you will find yourself avoiding and restricting the food you take. You will be very cautious about social habits that involve eating.
As a result, you will experience weight loss and stunted growth. You end up malnourished and dependent on many food supplements.
5. Bulimia Nervosa (Binge Eating)
This is a condition in which you find yourself eating unnecessarily large amounts of food. It is likely to develop during adolescence or early adulthood.
You feel like you cannot control eating and sometimes you are painfully full. Sometimes you can be forced to vomit or other purging behaviours.
This condition is most likely to lower your self-esteem and create fears like gaining weight. Side effects include an inflamed throat, dehydration, and hormonal disturbances.
6. Night Eating Syndrome (overeating)
Do you feel very hungry at night even though you should be okay? As the name suggests, you will find yourself eating a lot, especially at night.
This condition will lower your self-esteem especially concerning weight issues, social integration.
Solutions for Common Eating Disorders
Most eating disorders come from mental disturbances. With proper therapy, most of them are solved.
Practising proper eating habits will work miracles for you. In the case of family-related or genetically inherited disorders, make sure you visit a therapist.
Check out our GBS TV blog section for more information on mental health.